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长期增温和施氮对华北平原农田土壤呼吸及其温度敏感性的影响

胡文沛 张闯 胡春胜 董文旭 王玉英

胡文沛, 张闯, 胡春胜, 董文旭, 王玉英. 长期增温和施氮对华北平原农田土壤呼吸及其温度敏感性的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(5): 761−768 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210237
引用本文: 胡文沛, 张闯, 胡春胜, 董文旭, 王玉英. 长期增温和施氮对华北平原农田土壤呼吸及其温度敏感性的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(5): 761−768 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210237
HU W P, ZHANG C, HU C S, DONG W X, WANG Y Y. Effects of long-term warming and nitrogen fertilization on soil respiration and temperature sensitivity in the North China Plain[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(5): 761−768 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210237
Citation: HU W P, ZHANG C, HU C S, DONG W X, WANG Y Y. Effects of long-term warming and nitrogen fertilization on soil respiration and temperature sensitivity in the North China Plain[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(5): 761−768 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210237

长期增温和施氮对华北平原农田土壤呼吸及其温度敏感性的影响

doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210237
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC0213300, 2017YFD0800601)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    胡文沛, 主要研究方向为农田生态系统碳循环。E-mail: huwenpeiUCAS@163.com

    通讯作者:

    胡春胜, 主要研究方向为农田生态系统碳、氮、水循环及土壤生态过程。E-mail: cshu@sjziam.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: S154.1

Effects of long-term warming and nitrogen fertilization on soil respiration and temperature sensitivity in the North China Plain

Funds: This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFC0213300, 2017YFD0800601).
More Information
  • 摘要: 在全球气候变暖与氮沉降不断加剧的背景下, 作为我国粮食主产区之一的华北平原农田土壤呼吸如何响应气候变暖和氮沉降增加成为亟待解决的问题。本文在华北平原冬小麦单作土壤布置了11年野外增温和施氮肥试验, 包括对照(CK)、红外增温(W)、施氮肥(N)和红外增温+施氮肥(WN) 4个处理, 采用静态箱-气相色谱法测定了2018—2020年土壤呼吸速率及其温度敏感性。结果表明: 2018—2020年, W和WN处理使5 cm深土壤温度平均提升约2 °C, 使土壤体积含水量下降2.4%。不同处理间土壤呼吸速率呈现明显的季节动态, 冬小麦3—6月生长季平均土壤呼吸速率(329.06 mg∙m−2∙h−1)显著高于11—3月休眠季(25.21 mg∙m−2∙h−1)(P<0.05)。2018—2020年, 与CK相比, W和WN处理分别使土壤呼吸速率提高16.8%和19.3% (P<0.05), 而N处理未显著影响土壤呼吸速率。W和WN处理2018—2020全年土壤呼吸的温度敏感性(Q10)低于N和CK处理, 即WN(1.65)<W(1.70)<N(1.78)<CK(1.80)。Q10存在明显季节性变化, 休眠季高(平均2.93), 生长季低(平均1.81)。本研究表明增温降低了Q10, 且Q10存在明显的季节性差异, 这有助于提升未来碳估算模型精度。
  • 图  1  试验样地年际土壤状态划分

    Figure  1.  Interannual land use in the experimental plots

    图  2  红外增温对2018年10月—2020年10月(增温处理第8年至第10年) 5 cm土壤温度(a)、土壤温度差(b)、土壤湿度(c)和土壤湿度差(d)的影响[土壤温度差和湿度差为增温处理(W)土壤温度或湿度减去对照处理(CK)]

    Figure  2.  Effects of warming on soil temperature (a), soil temperature difference (b), soil moisture (c) and soil moisture difference (d) of 5 cm deep soil from October 2018 to 2020 (from the 8th to the 10th year of the experiment) (difference of soil temperature or moisture is the subtraction of warming [W] to control [CK] treatments)

    图  3  长期施氮肥(N)、增温(W)和增温下施氮肥(WN)对2018年10月至2020年10月间(处理第8年至第10年。CK为空白对照)

    Figure  3.  Effects of long term nitrogen fertilization (N), warming (W) and combined warming with nitrogen fertilization (WN) on soil respiration rate between October 2018 and October 2020 (from the 8th to the 10th years of the experiment, CK is the control)

    图  4  长期施氮肥(N)、增温(W)和增温下施氮肥(WN)对2018—2020年平均土壤呼吸速率的影响

    不同小写字母表示处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。Different lowercase letters represent significant differences among treatments (P<0.05).

    Figure  4.  Effects of long-term nitrogen fertilization (N), warming (W) and combined warming with nitrogen fertilization (WN) on soil average respiration rate from 2018 to 2020

    表  1  2018—2020年长期增温和施氮肥对不同季节土壤呼吸温度敏感性(Q10)的影响

    Table  1.   Effects of long-term warming and nitrogen fertilization on the temperature sensitivity of soil respiration (Q10) in different seasons from 2018 to 2020

    处理
    Treatment
    2018—20192019—20202018—2020
    平均
    Average of
    2018 to 2020
    冬休眠季
    Winter dormancy season
    冬小麦生长季
    Winter wheat
    growing season
    撂荒季
    Fallow season
    冬休眠季
    Winter dormancy
    season
    冬小麦生长季
    Winter wheat
    growing season
    撂荒季
    Fallow season
    CK2.96±0.04b2.33±0.05a1.05±0.01b3.15±0.55b1.88±0.63b1.58±0.13a1.80±0.02a
    W2.71±0.01c1.86±0.00b1.06±0.01b2.72±0.06c1.22±0.00c1.29±0.06b1.70±0.01b
    N3.04±0.00b1.51±0.01c1.13±0.03a3.60±0.38a2.87±0.46a1.59±0.09a1.78±0.01a
    WN3.37±0.08a1.61±0.19bc1.00±0.07b1.86±0.13d1.19±0.00c1.23±0.00b1.65±0.00b
      CK: 对照; W: 增温; N: 施氮肥; WN: 增温下施氮肥。冬休眠季为11月到翌年3月, 冬小麦生长季为3—6月, 撂荒季为6—11月。不同小写字母表示处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。CK: control; N: N fertilization; W: warming; WN: combined warming with N fertilization. Winter dormancy season is from November to March of the next year, winter wheat growing season is from March to June, and fallow season is from June to November. Different lowercase letters represent significant differences among treatments (P<0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  长期增温和施氮肥对土壤有机质和氮含量的影响

    Table  2.   Effects of long-term warming and nitrogen fertilization on soil organic matter and nitrogen contents

    处理
    Treatment
    有机质
    (g∙kg−1)
    全氮
    (g∙kg−1)
    硝态氮
    (mg∙kg−1)
    CK 15.30±0.17a 0.93±0.01bc 5.08±0.36d
    W 14.64±0.60b 0.88±0.03c 8.27±3.08c
    N 15.75±0.14a 1.01±0.03a 15.60±3.71b
    WN 14.63±0.38b 0.96±0.01ab 36.05±10.97a
      CK: 对照; W: 增温; N: 施氮肥; WN: 增温下施氮肥。不同小写字母表示处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。CK: control; N: N fertilization; W: warming; WN: combined warming with N fertilization. Different lowercase letters represent significant differences among treatments (P<0.05).
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-09-29
  • 录用日期:  2022-03-25
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-11
  • 刊出日期:  2022-05-18

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