留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

柽柳生物炭对滨海盐渍土咸水入渗特征的影响研究

刘淙琮 董心亮 郭凯 程东娟 孙宏勇

刘淙琮, 董心亮, 郭凯, 程东娟, 孙宏勇. 柽柳生物炭对滨海盐渍土咸水入渗特征的影响研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(7): 1194−1202 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210578
引用本文: 刘淙琮, 董心亮, 郭凯, 程东娟, 孙宏勇. 柽柳生物炭对滨海盐渍土咸水入渗特征的影响研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(7): 1194−1202 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210578
LIU C C, DONG X L, GUO K, CHENG D J, SUN H Y. Effect of Tamarix ramosissima biochar on infiltration characteristics of saline water in coastal saline soil[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(7): 1194−1202 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210578
Citation: LIU C C, DONG X L, GUO K, CHENG D J, SUN H Y. Effect of Tamarix ramosissima biochar on infiltration characteristics of saline water in coastal saline soil[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(7): 1194−1202 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210578

柽柳生物炭对滨海盐渍土咸水入渗特征的影响研究

doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210578
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划课题(2021YFD1900904)、河北省自然科学基金项目(D2019503071)和河北省重点研发计划项目(21326408D, 20327002D)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘淙琮, 主要研究方向为农业水土资源与环境研究。E-mail: 1220981719@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    孙宏勇, 主要研究方向为农田水盐运移过程及调控研究。E-mail: hysun@sjziam.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: S156.4+2

Effect of Tamarix ramosissima biochar on infiltration characteristics of saline water in coastal saline soil

Funds: This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Project (2021YFD1900904), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (D2019503071) and Hebei Province Key R&D Project (21326408D, 20327002D).
More Information
  • 摘要: 由于生物炭具有较高的孔隙度和有机碳含量, 故在盐渍化土壤改良方面潜力巨大。然而, 利用盐生植物柽柳制备的生物炭改良盐渍化土壤以探究其对盐渍化土壤咸水入渗特征影响的研究尚少。本研究采用室内土柱模拟入渗的方法, 研究柽柳生物炭添加量(质量分数为0、1.1%和3.3%)和不同矿化度咸水(0 g∙L−1、5 g∙L−1和10 g∙L−1)对盐渍土水分入渗特性及水盐分布规律的影响。研究表明: 1)随生物炭添加量以及咸水矿化度的增加, 湿润锋运移时间缩短34.40%~85.85%, 入渗率增大6.71%~87.30%; 添加生物炭对盐渍土水分入渗特性的影响程度大于咸水矿化度。2)生物炭的添加使水分入渗后0~10 cm土壤的含水量增加1.29%~9.23%。3)水分入渗后, 0~40 cm土壤含盐量与初始土壤含盐量相比显著降低, 且盐渍土含盐量随入渗咸水矿化度的增大有上升趋势, 但不显著; 含盐量在深度50~60 cm处达最高, 且随生物炭含量以及咸水矿化度的升高而显著增加, 与淡水入渗后未添加生物炭的对照相比增加5.21%~35.11%。综上, 不同矿化度咸水入渗条件下, 柽柳生物炭的添加可以加速盐渍化土壤的盐分淋洗, 并随生物炭添加量的增加其淋洗效果明显增强, 本研究中生物炭添加量为3.3%时的效果最优。此结果可为生物炭合理施用以及滨海地区咸水资源利用提供必要的理论依据。
  • 图  1  试验装置示意图

    1: 试验台; 2: 进气口; 3: 马氏瓶; 4: 进水口; 5: 出水口; 6: 2 cm水层; 7: 土柱。1: test stand; 2: air inlet; 3: Markov bottle; 4: water inlet; 5: water outlet; 6: 2 cm water layer; 7: soil column.

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of the test device

    图  2  添加生物炭下不同矿化度咸水在盐渍土的湿润锋运移时间变化

    S0、S5和S10分别表示咸水矿化度为0 g∙L−1、5 g∙L−1和10 g∙L−1, B0、B1和B3分别表示生物炭添加量0、1.1%和3.3%。同一土壤深度不同字母表示同一咸水矿化度下不同生物炭添加量间在P<0.05水平差异显著。S0, S5 and S10 indicate the salt water salinities of 0, 5 and 10 g∙L−1, respectively. B0, B1 and B3 indicate the addition amounts of biochar of 0, 1.1% and 3.3%, respectively. Different letters in the same soil depth represent significant differences among different biochar addition amounts under the same salinity of salt water at P<0.05 level.

    Figure  2.  Changes of moisture front migration time of saline water with different salinities in saline soil with different amounts biochar addition

    图  3  生物炭添加量及咸水矿化度与湿润锋运移时间之间的相关性

    S0、S5和S10分别表示咸水矿化度为0 g∙L−1、5 g∙L−1和10 g∙L−1, B0、B1和B3分别表示生物炭添加量0、1.1%和3.3%。S0, S5 and S10 indicate the salt water salinities of 0, 5 and 10 g∙L−1, respectively. B0, B1 and B3 indicate the addition amounts of biochar of 0, 1.1% and 3.3%, respectively.

    Figure  3.  Correlation between biochar addition amount or salinity of salt water and wet front migration time

    图  4  添加生物炭下不同矿化度咸水在盐渍土的入渗率随深度变化

    S0、S5和S10分别表示咸水矿化度为0 g∙L−1、5 g∙L−1和10 g∙L−1, B0、B1和B3分别表示生物炭添加量0、1.1%和3.3%。同一土壤深度不同字母表示同一咸水矿化度下不同生物炭添加量间在 P<0.05水平差异显著。S0, S5 and S10 indicate the salt water salinities of 0, 5 and 10 g∙L−1, respectively. B0, B1 and B3 indicate the additon amounts of biochar of 0, 1.1% and 3.3%, respectively. Different letters in the same soil depth represent significant differences among different biochar addition amounts under the same salinity of salt water at P<0.05 level.

    Figure  4.  Infiltration rates of saline water with different salinities in different depths of soils with different addition amounts of biochar

    图  5  添加生物炭下不同矿化度咸水入渗后盐渍土的含水量随深度的变化

    S0、S5和S10分别表示咸水矿化度为0 g∙L−1、5 g∙L−1和10 g∙L−1, B0、B1和B3分别表示生物炭添加量0、1.1%和3.3%。同一土壤深度不同字母表示同一咸水矿化度下不同生物炭添加量间在P<0.05水平差异显著。S0, S5 and S10 indicate the salt water salinities of 0, 5 and 10 g∙L−1, respectively. B0, B1 and B3 indicate the additon amounts of biochar of 0, 1.1% and 3.3%, respectively. Different letters in the same soil depth represent significant differences among different biochar addition amounts under the same salinity of salt water at P<0.05 level.

    Figure  5.  Water contents at different depths of saline soil after infiltration of saline water with different salinities under different addition amounts of biochar

    图  6  添加生物炭下不同矿化度咸水入渗后盐渍土的含盐量随深度的变化

    S0、S5和S10分别表示咸水矿化度为0 g∙L−1、5 g∙L−1和10 g∙L−1, B0、B1和B3分别表示生物炭添加量0、1.1%和3.3%。同一土壤深度不同字母表示同一咸水矿化度下不同生物炭添加量间在P<0.05水平差异显著。S0, S5 and S10 indicate the salt water salinities of 0, 5 and 10 g∙L−1, respectively. B0, B1 and B3 indicate the addition amounts of biochar of 0, 1.1% and 3.3%, respectively. Different letters in the same soil depth represent significant differences among different biochar addition amounts under the same salinity of salt water at P<0.05 level.

    Figure  6.  Changes of salt content with depth of saline soil after saline water infiltration with different salinities under different addition amounts of biochar

    表  1  地下咸水及不同矿化度咸水离子组成

    Table  1.   Ions composition of saline groundwater and the tested salt water with different salinities

    总盐 Total saltHCO3ClSO42−Ca2+Mg2+K++Na+
    g∙kg−1 
    地下咸水
    Saline groundwater
    9.740.156.180.070.080.213.05
    5 g∙L−1咸水
    5 g∙L−1 saline water
    5.250.033.130.040.020.012.03
    10 g∙L−1咸水
    10 g∙L−1 saline water
    10.510.066.250.090.040.014.05
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  生物炭添加量和咸水矿化度与咸水入渗率间的双因素方差分析

    Table  2.   Two-factor analysis of variance between biochar addition amount, salt water salinity and infiltration rate

    因素
    Factor
    自由度
    Degree of freedom
    FF-valueSig
    10 cm处入渗率
    Infiltration
    rate at 10 cm
    40 cm处入渗率
    Infiltration
    rate at 40 cm
    A215.0918.340.00
    B237.6250.310.00
    A×B41.904.110.00
      A为咸水矿化度, B为生物炭添加量。A is salinity of salt water; B is addition amount of biochar.
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 陈影影, 符跃鑫, 张振克, 等. 中国滨海盐碱土治理相关专利技术评述[J]. 中国农学通报, 2014, 30(11): 279−285 doi: 10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.2013-1349

    CHEN Y Y, FU Y X, ZHANG Z K, et al. Review of the Chinese patents on coastal saline-alkali soil improvement[J]. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2014, 30(11): 279−285 doi: 10.11924/j.issn.1000-6850.2013-1349
    [2] 马凤娇, 谭莉梅, 刘慧涛, 等. 河北滨海盐碱区暗管改碱技术的降雨有效性评价[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2011, 19(2): 409−414 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1011.2011.00409

    MA F J, TAN L M, LIU H T, et al. Evaluation of the rainfall effectiveness for reclaim of saline soil by subsurface pipe drainage system in coastal saline regions of Hebei Province[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2011, 19(2): 409−414 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1011.2011.00409
    [3] 李晓彬, 康跃虎. 滨海重度盐碱地微咸水滴灌水盐调控及月季根系生长响应研究[J]. 农业工程学报, 2019, 35(11): 112−121 doi: 10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2019.11.013

    LI X B, KANG Y H. Water-salt control and response of Chinese rose (Rosa chinensis) root on coastal saline soil using drip irrigation with brackish water[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2019, 35(11): 112−121 doi: 10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2019.11.013
    [4] 毛天旭, 屠丹, 刘曼曼, 等. 生物质炭添加对喀斯特地区坡耕地黄壤水分入渗过程的影响[J]. 应用生态学报, 2020, 31(9): 2903−2910

    MAO T X, TU D, LIU M M, et al. Effects of biochar addition on soil moisture infiltration process of the yellow soil in Karst area[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2020, 31(9): 2903−2910
    [5] 贺坤, 李小平, 徐晨, 等. 烟气脱硫石膏对滨海盐渍土的改良效果[J]. 环境科学研究, 2018, 31(3): 547−554

    HE K, LI X P, XU C, et al. Remediation efficiency of flue gas desulfurization gypsum on coastal saline alkali soil[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2018, 31(3): 547−554
    [6] 黄顾林, 左文刚, 朱晓雯, 等. 不同有机物料改良新围垦滩涂土壤的效果研究[J]. 扬州大学学报: 农业与生命科学版, 2015, 36(2): 51−56

    HUANG G L, ZUO W G, ZHU X W, et al. A comparative study on physicochemical changes of mudflat soil amended by different organic materials[J]. Journal of Yangzhou University: Agricultural and Life Science Edition, 2015, 36(2): 51−56
    [7] 张丽洁, 谈献和, 韩静, 等. 不同添加剂对重金属复合污染土壤的修复效果研究[J]. 土壤通报, 2009, 40(5): 1176−1180

    ZHANG L J, TAN X H, HAN J, et al. Remediation effects of different additives on the soil contaminated by heavy metals[J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 2009, 40(5): 1176−1180
    [8] 赵卉琳. 新疆荒漠盐碱环境放线菌资源研究[D]. 杨凌: 西北农林科技大学, 2008

    ZHAO H L. Study on actinomycete resources from desert and saline-alkali soil in Xinjiang[D]. Yangling: Northwest A&F University, 2008
    [9] 刘易, 黄建, 马彦茹, 等. 生物质炭输入对盐化灰漠土壤水分运移的影响[J]. 新疆农业科学, 2017, 54(2): 343−351 doi: 10.6048/j.issn.1001-4330.2017.02.018

    LIU Y, HUANG J, MA Y R, et al. Effects induced by inputting biochar into the saliferous gray desert soil on the soil moisture movement[J]. Xinjiang Agricultural Sciences, 2017, 54(2): 343−351 doi: 10.6048/j.issn.1001-4330.2017.02.018
    [10] TAMMEORG P, SIMOJOKI A, MÄKELÄ P, et al. Short-term effects of biochar on soil properties and wheat yield formation with meat bone meal and inorganic fertiliser on a boreal loamy sand[J]. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 2014, 191: 108−116
    [11] GITHINJI L. Effect of biochar application rate on soil physical and hydraulic properties of a sandy loam[J]. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 2014, 60(4): 457−470 doi: 10.1080/03650340.2013.821698
    [12] LAIRD D A, FLEMING P, DAVIS D D, et al. Impact of biochar amendments on the quality of a typical midwestern agricultural soil[J]. Geoderma, 2010, 158(3/4): 443−449
    [13] MUKHERJEE A, LAL R, ZIMMERMAN A R. Effects of biochar and other amendments on the physical properties and greenhouse gas emissions of an artificially degraded soil[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2014, 487: 26−36 doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.03.141
    [14] LIN Y, MUNROE P, JOSEPH S, et al. Water extractable organic carbon in untreated and chemical treated biochars[J]. Chemosphere, 2012, 87(2): 151−157 doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.12.007
    [15] 王艳阳, 魏永霞, 孙继鹏, 等. 不同生物炭施加量的土壤水分入渗及其分布特性[J]. 农业工程学报, 2016, 32(8): 113−119 doi: 10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2016.08.016

    WANG Y Y, WEI Y X, SUN J P, et al. Soil water infiltration and distribution characteristics under different biochar addition amount[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2016, 32(8): 113−119 doi: 10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2016.08.016
    [16] 常雄凯, 曾辉, 刘淼. 黄渤海滨海湿地植被类型、生物量及其与土壤环境因子的关系[J]. 生态学杂志, 2018, 37(11): 3298−3304

    CHANG X K, ZENG H, LIU M. Relationships among vegetation types, biomass and soil environmental factors in the wetlands of Yellow Sea and Bohai coastal areas[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2018, 37(11): 3298−3304
    [17] 张越, 杨劲松, 姚荣江. 咸水冻融灌溉对重度盐渍土壤水盐分布的影响[J]. 土壤学报, 2016, 53(2): 388−400

    ZHANG Y, YANG J S, YAO R J. Effects of saline ice water irrigation on distribution of moisture and salt content in coastal saline soil[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2016, 53(2): 388−400
    [18] BUSTAN A, COHEN S, DE MALACH Y, et al. Effects of timing and duration of brackish irrigation water on fruit yield and quality of late summer melons[J]. Agricultural Water Management, 2005, 74(2): 123−134 doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2004.11.009
    [19] 王全九, 单鱼洋. 微咸水灌溉与土壤水盐调控研究进展[J]. 农业机械学报, 2015, 46(12): 117−126 doi: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2015.12.017

    WANG Q J, SHAN Y Y. Review of research development on water and soil regulation with brackish water irrigation[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery, 2015, 46(12): 117−126 doi: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2015.12.017
    [20] 吴雨晴, 郑春莲, 李科江, 等. 咸水灌溉对麦-玉两熟制农田土壤水稳性团聚体的影响[J]. 水土保持学报, 2021, 35(2): 288−294, 308

    WU Y Q, ZHENG C L, LI K J, et al. Effect of saline water irrigation on soil water-stable aggregates in wheat-maize crop double cropping system[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2021, 35(2): 288−294, 308
    [21] 郭太龙, 迟道才, 王全九, 等. 入渗水矿化度对土壤水盐运移影响的试验研究[J]. 农业工程学报, 2005, 21(S1): 84−87

    GUO T L, CHI D C, WANG Q J, et al. Experimental study on salt and water movement affected by mineralization degree of infiltration water[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2005, 21(S1): 84−87
    [22] 郭凯, 张秀梅, 刘小京. 咸水结冰灌溉下覆膜时间对滨海盐土水盐运移的影响[J]. 土壤学报, 2014, 51(6): 1202−1212

    GUO K, ZHANG X M, LIU X J. Effect of timing of plastic film mulching on water and salt movements in coastal saline soil under freezing saline water irrigation[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2014, 51(6): 1202−1212
    [23] 封晓辉, 张秀梅, 刘小京, 等. 滨海重盐碱地人工栽植柽柳生长动态及生态效应[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2013, 21(10): 1233−1240 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1011.2013.01233

    FENG X H, ZHANG X M, LIU X J, et al. Growth dynamics of Tamarix chinensis plantations in heavy-saline coastal lands and related ecological effects[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2013, 21(10): 1233−1240 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1011.2013.01233
    [24] 王幼奇, 包维斌, 白一茹, 等. 生物炭对黑垆土土壤水分运移特征参数影响[J]. 排灌机械工程学报, 2020, 38(3): 292−297

    WANG Y Q, BAO W B, BAI Y R, et al. Effects of biochar on soil water transport characteristics of Heilu soil[J]. Journal of Drainage and Irrigation Machinery Engineering, 2020, 38(3): 292−297
    [25] 岳燕, 林启美, 郭维娜, 等. 不同土层加入生物质炭对盐分淋洗的影响[J]. 干旱地区农业研究, 2015, 33(3): 62−67 doi: 10.7606/j.issn.1000-7601.2015.03.10

    YUE Y, LIN Q M, GUO W N, et al. Effect of biochar on salt leaching in different soil layers[J]. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2015, 33(3): 62−67 doi: 10.7606/j.issn.1000-7601.2015.03.10
    [26] 岳燕, 郭维娜, 林启美, 等. 加入不同量生物质炭盐渍化土壤盐分淋洗的差异与特征[J]. 土壤学报, 2014, 51(4): 914−919

    YUE Y, GUO W N, LIN Q M, et al. Salt leaching in the saline soil relative to rate of biochar applied[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2014, 51(4): 914−919
    [27] 毕远杰, 王全九, 雪静. 淡水与微咸水入渗特性对比分析[J]. 农业机械学报, 2010, 41(7): 70−75 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1298.2010.07.015

    BI Y J, WANG Q J, XUE J. Infiltration characteristic contrast analysis of fresh water and saline water[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery, 2010, 41(7): 70−75 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1298.2010.07.015
    [28] 黄明逸, 张展羽, 徐辉, 等. 咸淡轮灌和生物炭对滨海盐渍土水盐运移特征的影响[J]. 农业机械学报, 2021, 52(1): 238−247 doi: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2021.01.027

    HUANG M Y, ZHANG Z Y, XU H, et al. Effects of cycle irrigation with brackish and fresh water and biochar on water and salt transports of coastal saline soil[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery, 2021, 52(1): 238−247 doi: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2021.01.027
    [29] 肖茜, 张洪培, 沈玉芳, 等. 生物炭对黄土区土壤水分入渗、蒸发及硝态氮淋溶的影响[J]. 农业工程学报, 2015, 31(16): 128−134 doi: 10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2015.16.018

    XIAO Q, ZHANG H P, SHEN Y F, et al. Effects of biochar on water infiltration, evaporation and nitrate leaching in semi-arid loess area[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2015, 31(16): 128−134 doi: 10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2015.16.018
  • 加载中
图(6) / 表(2)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  137
  • HTML全文浏览量:  81
  • PDF下载量:  25
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-08-28
  • 录用日期:  2022-01-24
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-02-24
  • 刊出日期:  2022-07-05

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回