留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

山地植被垂直分布变化格局研究进展与述评

梁红柱 刘丽丽 付同刚 高会 李敏 刘金铜

梁红柱, 刘丽丽, 付同刚, 高会, 李敏, 刘金铜. 山地植被垂直分布变化格局研究进展与述评[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(7): 1077−1090 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210858
引用本文: 梁红柱, 刘丽丽, 付同刚, 高会, 李敏, 刘金铜. 山地植被垂直分布变化格局研究进展与述评[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(7): 1077−1090 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210858
LIANG H Z, LIU L L, FU T G, GAO H, LI M, LIU J T. Vertical distribution of vegetation in mountain regions: A review based on bibliometrics[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(7): 1077−1090 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210858
Citation: LIANG H Z, LIU L L, FU T G, GAO H, LI M, LIU J T. Vertical distribution of vegetation in mountain regions: A review based on bibliometrics[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(7): 1077−1090 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210858

山地植被垂直分布变化格局研究进展与述评

doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210858
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(41930651)和河北师范大学博士基金(L2022B18)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    梁红柱, 主要从事植物群落生态学研究。E-mail: lhzeco@163.com

    通讯作者:

    刘金铜, 主要研究方向为生态工程。E-mail: jtliu@sjziam.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: Q948.15

Vertical distribution of vegetation in mountain regions: A review based on bibliometrics

Funds: The study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41930651) and the Doctoral Foundation of Hebei Normal University (L2022B18)
More Information
  • 摘要: 山地植被垂直变化和分布历来是山地生态学研究的重点内容。本文从文献计量统计和文献分析两个方面, 对山地植被的垂直分布格局研究进展进行了述评。文献统计分析主要基于CNKI和Web of Science数据库平台, 检索了该研究领域1915年1月至2020年12月的国内外期刊论文, 分析了山地植被垂直格局的研究历程、现状、进展和趋势。结果表明:国内外研究的文献、作者、国家和机构数量均呈增长趋势, 全球范围的研究主要涵盖了美国、德国、中国、西班牙和法国等85个国家, 共计34.7%的文献集中在25个主要期刊。基于CiteSpace进行文献关键词共现聚类,分析了国内外山地植被垂直分布的热点领域, 并对理论与假说、研究方法和主要研究领域等进行了述评。山地植被垂直格局历经了从单因子描述、多因子分析到机理和假说的求证, 代表性理论包括:时间学说、空间异质性学说、竞争共存理论、中性理论及生态位理论等; 从传统研究方法、数量分类与环境解释、遥感影像信息技术、模型及数字信息技术等进行了研究方法概述; 并对热点研究领域进行了分析和述评, 主要包括: 山地植被垂直分布与驱动因素、山地植被生产力垂直变化、植物群落的谱系结构、基于生态位理论的植被分布预测等。总之, 在全球气候变化背景下, 山地植被及生态系统响应敏感且变化剧烈, 山地植被对气候变化的响应、植被垂直带谱的数字信息化、水土耦合下的山地生态循环与生态系统服务等领域受到更广泛的重视; 多尺度、多学科融合是本领域研究的发展趋势。
  • 图  1  1915—2020年山地植被垂直带研究论文发表情况

    Figure  1.  Number of published literatures on montane altitudinal zonation of vegetation between 1915 and 2020

    图  2  山地植被垂直带研究的CNKI文献关键词共现聚类图

    Figure  2.  Keyword co-occurrence cluster diagram of CNKI literatures on mountain vegetation vertical zone

    图  3  山地植被垂直带研究的Web of Science文献关键词共现聚类图

    Figure  3.  Keyword co-occurrence cluster diagram of Web of Science on mountain vegetation vertical zone

    表  1  有关山地植被垂直带研究主要文献发表国家的论文数量和影响力比较

    Table  1.   Comparison of literatures number and characteristic indexes of published papers on montane altitudinal zonation of vegetation of the main countries

    国家
    Country
    文献总数量
    Number of literatures
    被引总频次
    Sum of frequency cited
    单篇平均引用频次
    Mean frequency of single reference
    h-指数
    h-index
    美国 USA82257531.4032
    德国 Germany5288216.9617
    中国 China494358.8811
    西班牙 Spain2030115.059
    法国 France1926513.9510
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 刘华训. 我国山地植被的垂直分布规律[J]. 地理学报, 1981, 36(3): 267−279 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0375-5444.1981.03.003

    LIU H X. The vertical zonation of mountain vegetation in China[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1981, 36(3): 267−279 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0375-5444.1981.03.003
    [2] 孙然好, 陈利顶, 张百平, 等. 山地景观垂直分异研究进展[J]. 应用生态学报, 2009, 20(7): 1617−1624

    SUN R H, CHEN L D, ZHANG B P, et al. Vertical zonation of mountain landscape: a review[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2009, 20(7): 1617−1624
    [3] HOLT B. Review: vegetation of the earth in relation to climate and the eco-physiological conditions[J]. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 1974, 49(4): 354−355
    [4] KÖRNER C. Why are there global gradients in species richness? mountains might hold the answer[J]. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2000, 15(12): 513−514
    [5] 张百平, 周成虎, 陈述彭. 中国山地垂直带信息图谱的探讨[J]. 地理学报, 2003, 58(2): 163−171 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0375-5444.2003.02.001

    ZHANG B P, ZHOU C H, CHEN S P. The geo-info-spectrum of montane altitudinal belts in China[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2003, 58(2): 163−171 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0375-5444.2003.02.001
    [6] 张百平, 谭靖, 姚永慧. 山地垂直带信息图谱研究[M]. 北京: 中国环境科学出版社, 2009

    ZHANG B P, TAN J, YAO Y H. Digital Integration and Patterns of Mountain Altitudinal Belts[M]. Beijing: China Environment Science Press, 2009
    [7] KOU Z X, YAO Y H, HU Y F, et al. Discussion on position of China’s north-south transitional zone by comparative analysis of mountain altitudinal belts[J]. Journal of Mountain Science, 2020, 17(8): 1901−1915 doi: 10.1007/s11629-019-5893-x
    [8] 孙建, 程根伟. 山地垂直带谱研究评述[J]. 生态环境学报, 2014, 23(9): 1544−1550 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-5906.2014.09.023

    SUN J, CHENG G W. Mountain altitudinal belt: a review[J]. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2014, 23(9): 1544−1550 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-5906.2014.09.023
    [9] 马克平, 叶万辉, 于顺利, 等. 北京东灵山地区植物群落多样性研究Ⅷ. 群落组成随海拔梯度的变化[J]. 生态学报, 1997, 17(6): 593−600 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.1997.06.002

    MA K P, YE W H, YU S L, et al. Studies on plant community diversity in Dongling Mountain, Beijing, China Ⅷ. Variation of composition along elevational gradient[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 1997, 17(6): 593−600 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.1997.06.002
    [10] 刘秉儒. 生物多样性的海拔分布格局研究及进展[J]. 生态环境学报, 2021, 30(2): 438−444

    LIU B R. Recent advances in altitudinal distribution patterns of biodiversity[J]. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2021, 30(2): 438−444
    [11] 唐志尧, 方精云. 植物物种多样性的垂直分布格局[J]. 生物多样性, 2004, 12(1): 20−28 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.2004.01.004

    TANG Z Y, FANG J Y. A review on the elevational patterns of plant species diversity[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2004, 12(1): 20−28 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.2004.01.004
    [12] 唐志尧, 柯金虎. 秦岭牛背梁植物物种多样性垂直分布格局[J]. 生物多样性, 2004, 12(1): 108−114 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.2004.01.013

    TANG Z Y, KE J H. Altitudinal patterns of plant species diversity in Mt. Niubeiliang, Qinling Mountains[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2004, 12(1): 108−114 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.2004.01.013
    [13] 唐志尧, 刘鸿雁. 华北地区植物群落的分布格局及构建机制[J]. 植物生态学报, 2019, 43(9): 729−731 doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2019.0248

    TANG Z Y, LIU H Y. Distribution patterns and assembly mechanisms of plant communities in North China[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2019, 43(9): 729−731 doi: 10.17521/cjpe.2019.0248
    [14] OHSAWA T, IDE Y. Global patterns of genetic variation in plant species along vertical and horizontal gradients on mountains[J]. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2008, 17(2): 152−163 doi: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2007.00357.x
    [15] NEWMARK W D. Tanzanian forest edge microclimatic gradients: dynamic patterns[J]. Biotropica, 2001, 33(1): 2−11 doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2001.tb00152.x
    [16] 张璐, 苏志尧, 陈北光. 山地森林群落物种多样性垂直格局研究进展[J]. 山地学报, 2005, 23(6): 6736−6743

    ZHANG L, SU Z Y, CHEN B G. Altitudinal patterns of species diversity in the montane forest communities: a review[J]. Journal of Mountain Research, 2005, 23(6): 6736−6743
    [17] 马克平, 黄建辉, 于顺利, 等. 北京东灵山地区植物群落多样性的研究Ⅱ. 丰富度、均匀度和物种多样性指数[J]. 生态学报, 1995, 15(3): 268−277 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.1995.03.006

    MA K P, HUANG J H, YU S L, et al. Plant community diversity in Dongling Mountain, Beijing, China: Ⅱ. Species richness, evenness and species diversities[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 1995, 15(3): 268−277 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.1995.03.006
    [18] 林英, 杨祥学, 吴文谱. 江西怀玉山主峰森林植被垂直带谱[J]. 江西大学学报: 生物学版, 1979, 3(1): 75−78

    LIN Y, YANG X X, WU W P. The altitudinal zonation of forest vegetation on mountain Wai-zi, eastern Jiangsi[J]. Journal of Jiangxi University: Biology, 1979, 3(1): 75−78
    [19] KÖRNER C. Alpine Plant Life: Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems[M]. Cham: Springer, 2021
    [20] GRABHERR G. The high mountain ecosystems of the Alps[M]//WIELGOLASKI F E . Ecosytems of the World. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1997
    [21] TATE G H H. Life zones at mount Roraima[J]. Ecology, 1932, 13(3): 235−257 doi: 10.2307/1931551
    [22] DAUBENMIRE R F. Vegetational zonation in the Rocky Mountains[J]. The Botanical Review, 1943, 9(6): 325−393 doi: 10.1007/BF02872481
    [23] TISDALE E W. The grasslands of the southern interior of British Columbia[J]. Ecology, 1947, 28(4): 346−382 doi: 10.2307/1931227
    [24] WATT A S, JONES E W. The ecology of the cairngorms: part 1. the environment and the altitudinal zonation of the vegetation[J]. The Journal of Ecology, 1948, 36(2): 283 doi: 10.2307/2256671
    [25] PITTENDRIGH C S. The ecoclimatic divergence of Anopheles bellator and A. homunculus[J]. Evolution, 1950, 4(1): 43−63 doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.1950.tb01382.x
    [26] 陈悦, 陈超美, 胡志刚. 引文空间分析原理与应用: CiteSpace实用指南[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 2014

    CHEN Y, CHEN C M, HU Z G. Principles and Applications of Analyzing a Citation Space[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2014
    [27] ENGLER R, RANDIN C F, THUILLER W, et al. 21st century climate change threatens mountain flora unequally across Europe[J]. Global Change Biology, 2011, 17(7): 2330−2341 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02393.x
    [28] 张百平, 姚永慧, 莫申国, 等. 数字山地垂直带谱及其体系的探索[J]. 山地学报, 2002, 20(6): 660−665 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-2786.2002.06.003

    ZHANG B P, YAO Y H, MO S G, et al. Digital spectra of altitudinal belts and their hierarchical system[J]. Journal of Mountain Research, 2002, 20(6): 660−665 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-2786.2002.06.003
    [29] 张百平. 山地的自然现象: 垂直带[J]. 森林与人类, 2015(2): 2−4

    ZHANG B P. Natural phenomenon of mountains: vertical zonation[J]. Forest & Humankind, 2015(2): 2−4
    [30] 马克平. 试论生物多样性的概念[J]. 生物多样性, 1993, 1(1): 20−22 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.1993.01.006

    MA K P. Comment on the concept of biodiversity[J]. Chinese Biodiversity, 1993, 1(1): 20−22 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.1993.01.006
    [31] 方精云, 沈泽昊, 唐志尧, 等. “中国山地植物物种多样性调查计划”及若干技术规范[J]. 生物多样性, 2004, 12(1): 5−9 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.2004.01.002

    FANG J Y, SHEN Z H, TANG Z Y, et al. The protocol for the Survey Plan for Plant Species Diversity of China’s Mountains[J]. Chinese Biodiversity, 2004, 12(1): 5−9 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.2004.01.002
    [32] 方精云, 沈泽昊, 崔海亭. 试论山地的生态特征及山地生态学的研究内容[J]. 生物多样性, 2004, 12(1): 10−19 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.2004.01.003

    FANG J Y, SHEN Z H, CUI H T. Ecological characteristics of mountains and research issues of mountain ecology[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2004, 12(1): 10−19 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.2004.01.003
    [33] 张新时. 西藏阿里植物群落的间接梯度分析、数量分类与环境解释[J]. 植物生态学与地植物学学报, 1991, 15(2): 101−113

    ZHANG X S. Indirect gradient analysis, quantitative classification and environmental interpretation of plant communities in Ngari, Xizang (Tibet)[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 1991, 15(2): 101−113
    [34] 张新时. 研究全球变化的植被-气候分类系统[J]. 第四纪研究, 1993, 13(2): 157−169 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-7410.1993.02.006

    ZHANG X S. A vegetation-climate classification system for global change studies in China[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 1993, 13(2): 157−169 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-7410.1993.02.006
    [35] 傅伯杰, 王仰林. 国际景观生态学研究的发展动态与趋势[J]. 地球科学进展, 1991, 6(3): 56−61

    FU B J, WANG Y L. The trend and development of international landscape ecology research[J]. Advance in Earth Sciences, 1991, 6(3): 56−61
    [36] LIANG E Y, WANG Y F, PIAO S L, et al. Species interactions slow warming-induced upward shifts of treelines on the Tibetan Plateau[J]. PNAS, 2016, 113(16): 4380−4385 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1520582113
    [37] 张新时. 新疆山地植被垂直带及其与农业的关系[J]. 新疆农业科学, 1963(9): 351−358

    ZHANG X S. The vertical belt of mountain vegetation and its relationship with agriculture in Xinjiang[J]. Xinjiang Agricultural Sciences, 1963(9): 351−358
    [38] 马溶之. 中国山地土壤的地理分布规律[J]. 土壤学报, 1965, 2(1): 1−7

    MA R Z. General principles of geographical distribution of mountain soils in China[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 1965, 2(1): 1−7
    [39] 彭补拙. 南迦巴瓦峰地区垂直自然带的初步研究[J]. 山地研究, 1984, 2(3): 182−189

    PENG B Z. Preliminary discussion on the vertical zonation in the Mt. Namjagbarwa region[J]. Journal of Mountain Research, 1984, 2(3): 182−189
    [40] 沈泽昊, 张新时. 三峡大老岭地区森林植被的空间格局分析及其地形解释[J]. 植物学报, 2000, 42(10): 1089−1095

    SHEN Z H, ZHANG X S. The spatial pattern and topographic interpretation of the forest vegetation at Dalaoling region in the Three Gorges[J]. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2000, 42(10): 1089−1095
    [41] 王根绪, 邓伟, 杨燕, 等. 山地生态学的研究进展、重点领域与趋势[J]. 山地学报, 2011, 29(2): 129−140 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-2786.2011.02.001

    WANG G X, DENG W, YANG Y, et al. The advances, priority and developing trend of alpine ecology[J]. Journal of Mountain Science, 2011, 29(2): 129−140 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-2786.2011.02.001
    [42] 王根绪, 刘国华, 沈泽昊, 等. 山地景观生态学研究进展[J]. 生态学报, 2017, 37(12): 3967−3981

    WANG G X, LIU G H, SHEN Z H, et al. Research progress and future perspectives on the landscape ecology of mountainous areas[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2017, 37(12): 3967−3981
    [43] 石培礼, 李文华, 王金锡, 等. 四川卧龙亚高山林线生态交错带群落的种-多度关系[J]. 生态学报, 2000, 20(3): 384−389 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2000.03.006

    SHI P L, LI W H, WANG J X, et al. Species-abundance relation of herb communities in subalpine timber-line ecotone of Wolong Natural Reserve, Sichuan Province, China[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2000, 20(3): 384−389 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2000.03.006
    [44] DIAZ H F, MILLAR C I. Discussing the future of US western mountains, climate change, and ecosystems[J]. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 2004, 85(35): 329
    [45] 黄建辉. 物种多样性的空间格局及其形成机制初探[J]. 生物多样性, 1994, 2(2): 103−107 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.1994.02.008

    HUANG J H. The spatial pattern of species diversity and its forming mechanism[J]. Chinese Biodiversity, 1994, 2(2): 103−107 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-0094.1994.02.008
    [46] PIANKA E R. Latitudinal gradients in species diversity: a review of concepts[J]. The American Naturalist, 1966, 100(910): 33−46 doi: 10.1086/282398
    [47] PIANKA E R. Niche overlap and diffuse competition[J]. PNAS, 1974, 71(5): 2141−2145 doi: 10.1073/pnas.71.5.2141
    [48] HUBBELL S P, FOSTER R B, O’BRIEN S T, et al. Light-gap disturbances, recruitment limitation, and tree diversity in a neotropical forest[J]. Science, 1999, 283(5401): 554−557 doi: 10.1126/science.283.5401.554
    [49] WRIGHT J S. Plant diversity in tropical forests: a review of mechanisms of species coexistence[J]. Oecologia, 2002, 130(1): 1−14 doi: 10.1007/s004420100809
    [50] 侯继华, 马克平. 植物群落物种共存机制的研究进展[J]. 植物生态学报, 2002, 26(S1): 1−8

    HOU J H, MA K P. On mechanisms of species coexistence in plant communities[J]. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 2002, 26(S1): 1−8
    [51] 祝燕, 米湘成, 马克平. 植物群落物种共存机制: 负密度制约假说[J]. 生物多样性, 2009, 17(6): 594−604 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2009.09183

    ZHU Y, MI X C, MA K P. A mechanism of plant species coexistence: the negative density-dependent hypothesis[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2009, 17(6): 594−604 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2009.09183
    [52] 张光明, 谢寿昌. 生态位概念演变与展望[J]. 生态学杂志, 1997, 16(6): 46−51 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4890.1997.06.010

    ZHANG G M, XIE S C. Developement of niche concept and its perspectives: a review[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 1997, 16(6): 46−51 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4890.1997.06.010
    [53] VANDERMEER J H. Niche theory[J]. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 1972, 3: 107−132 doi: 10.1146/annurev.es.03.110172.000543
    [54] HUBBELL S P, AHUMADA J A, CONDIT R, et al. Local neighborhood effects on long-term survival of individual trees in a neotropical forest[J]. Ecological Research, 2001, 16(5): 859−875 doi: 10.1046/j.1440-1703.2001.00445.x
    [55] ALONSO D, ETIENNE R S, MCKANE A J. The merits of neutral theory[J]. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2006, 21(8): 451−457
    [56] TILMAN D. Niche tradeoffs, neutrality, and community structure: a stochastic theory of resource competition, invasion, and community assembly[J]. PNAS, 2004, 101(30): 10854−10861 doi: 10.1073/pnas.0403458101
    [57] CHASE J M. Towards a really unified theory for metacommunities[J]. Functional Ecology, 2005, 19(1): 182−186 doi: 10.1111/j.0269-8463.2005.00937.x
    [58] LEIBOLD M A, MCPEEK M A. Coexistence of the niche and neutral perspectives in community ecology[J]. Ecology, 2006, 87(6): 1399−1410 doi: 10.1890/0012-9658(2006)87[1399:COTNAN]2.0.CO;2
    [59] 张百平, 谭娅, 莫申国. 天山数字垂直带谱体系与研究[J]. 山地学报, 2004, 22(2): 184−192 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-2786.2004.02.009

    ZHANG B P, TAN Y, MO S G. Digital spectrum and analysis of altitudinal belts in the Tianshan Mountains[J]. Journal of Mountain Research, 2004, 22(2): 184−192 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-2786.2004.02.009
    [60] 张新时. 中国山地植被垂直带的基本生态地理类型[C]// 植被生态学研究——纪念著名生态学家侯学煜教授. 北京: 科学出版社, 1994: 77−92

    ZHANG X S. The principle eco-geographic types of mountain vegetation belt systems in China[C]//Research on Vegetation Ecology: a Commemoration of Famous Ecologist Prof. Hou Xueyu. Beijing: Science Press, 1994: 77−92
    [61] 李斌, 张金屯. 不同植被盖度下的黄土高原土壤侵蚀特征分析[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2010, 18(2): 241−244 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1011.2010.00241

    LI B, ZHANG J T. Soil erosion characteristics under different vegetation coverage in the Loess Plateau[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2010, 18(2): 241−244 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1011.2010.00241
    [62] 王敏, 周才平. 山地植物群落数量分类和排序研究进展[J]. 南京林业大学学报: 自然科学版, 2011, 35(4): 126−130

    WANG M, ZHOU C P. Research progress on quantitative classification and ordination of mountain plant communities[J]. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University: Natural Sciences Edition, 2011, 35(4): 126−130
    [63] LI C H, YU S Y, YAO S C, et al. Response of alpine vegetation to climate changes in the Nanling Mountains during the second half of the Holocene[J]. Quaternary International, 2019, 522: 12−22 doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2019.04.029
    [64] 曹杨, 上官铁梁, 张金屯, 等. 山西五台山蓝花棘豆群落的数量分类和排序[J]. 植物资源与环境学报, 2005, 14(3): 1−6 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7895.2005.03.001

    CAO Y, SHANGGUAN T L, ZHANG J T, et al. The numerical classification and ordination of Oxytropis coerulea community of Wutai Mountain in Shanxi Province[J]. Journal of Plant Resources and Environment, 2005, 14(3): 1−6 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7895.2005.03.001
    [65] 张峰, 张金屯. 我国植被数量分类和排序研究进展[J]. 山西大学学报: 自然科学版, 2000, 23(3): 278−282

    ZHANG F, ZHANG J T. Research progress of numerical classification and ordination of vegetation in China[J]. Journal of Shanxi University: Natural Science Edition, 2000, 23(3): 278−282
    [66] 李素清, 李斌, 张金屯. 黄土高原植被数量区划研究[J]. 环境科学与技术, 2005, 28(3): 60−62, 119 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-6504.2005.03.026

    LI S Q, LI B, ZHANG J T. Classification of vegetation individuals and attributes in Loess Plateau[J]. Environmental Science and Technology, 2005, 28(3): 60−62, 119 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-6504.2005.03.026
    [67] 刘晔, 朱鑫鑫, 沈泽昊, 等. 中国西南干旱河谷植被的区系地理成分与空间分异[J]. 生物多样性, 2016, 24(4): 367−377 doi: 10.17520/biods.2015240

    LIU Y, ZHU X X, SHEN Z H, et al. Flora compositions and spatial differentiations of vegetation in dry valleys of Southwest China[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2016, 24(4): 367−377 doi: 10.17520/biods.2015240
    [68] 江洪, 黄建辉, 陈灵芝, 等. 东灵山植物群落的排序、数量分类与环境解释[J]. 植物学报, 1994, 36(7): 539−551

    JIANG H, HUANG J H, CHEN L Z, et al. DCA ordination, quantitative classification and environmental interpretation of plant communities in Dongling Mountain[J]. Acta Botanica Sinica, 1994, 36(7): 539−551
    [69] 陈灵芝. 暖温带山地针叶林排序和数量分类[J]. 植物生态学与地植物学学报, 1992, 16(4): 301−310

    CHEN L Z. The ordination and numerical classification of montane coniferous forests in warm-temperate region[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 1992, 16(4): 301−310
    [70] 张俊瑶, 姚永慧, 索南东主, 等. 基于垂直带谱的太白山区山地植被遥感信息提取[J]. 地球信息科学学报, 2019, 21(8): 1284−1294 doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2019.180650

    ZHANG J Y, YAO Y H, SUONAN D Z, et al. Mapping of mountain vegetation in Taibai Mountain based on mountain altitudinal belts with remote sensing[J]. Journal of Geo-Information Science, 2019, 21(8): 1284−1294 doi: 10.12082/dqxxkx.2019.180650
    [71] 吴征镒. 中国植被[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 1980

    WU Z Y. Chinese Flora[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1980
    [72] 付奔, 金晨曦. 三种干旱指数在2009—2010年云南特大干旱中的应用比较研究[J]. 人民珠江, 2012, 33(2): 4−6 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-9235.2012.02.002

    FU B, JIN C X. Application of 3 drought indexes in serious drought event of Yunnan in 2009−2010[J]. Pearl River, 2012, 33(2): 4−6 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-9235.2012.02.002
    [73] 王正兴, 刘闯, HUETE Alfredo. 植被指数研究进展: 从AVHRR-NDVI到MODIS-EVI[J]. 生态学报, 2003, 23(5): 979−987 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2003.05.020

    WANG Z X, LIU C, HUETE A. From AVHRR-NDVI to MODIS-EVI: advances in vegetation index research[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2003, 23(5): 979−987 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.2003.05.020
    [74] 张萍, 张军, 李佳玉, 等. 大理苍山东西坡植被的垂直分布格局[J]. 浙江农林大学学报, 2022, 39(1): 68−75 doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210136

    ZHANG P, ZHANG J, LI J Y, et al. Vertical distribution pattern of vegetation on the east and west slopes of Cangshan Mountain in Dali[J]. Journal of Zhejiang A & F University, 2022, 39(1): 68−75 doi: 10.11833/j.issn.2095-0756.20210136
    [75] 陈波, 胡玉福, 喻攀, 等. 基于纹理和地形辅助的山区土地利用信息提取研究[J]. 地理与地理信息科学, 2017, 33(1): 1−8 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-0504.2017.01.001

    CHEN B, HU Y F, YU P, et al. Research on information extraction of land use in mountainous areas based on texture and terrain[J]. Geography and Geo-Information Science, 2017, 33(1): 1−8 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-0504.2017.01.001
    [76] 何鸿杰, 穆亚超, 魏宝成, 等. 分层分类和多指标结合的西北农牧交错带植被信息提取[J]. 干旱区地理, 2019, 42(2): 332−340

    HE H J, MU Y C, WEI B C, et al. Vegetation information extraction in farming-pastoral ectones in Northwest China using hierarchical classification and multiple indices[J]. Arid Land Geography, 2019, 42(2): 332−340
    [77] 张百平, 许娟, 武红智, 等. 中国山地垂直带的数字集成与基本规律分析[J]. 山地学报, 2006, 24(2): 144−149 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-2786.2006.02.003

    ZHANG B P, XU J, WU H Z, et al. Digital integration and pattern analysis of mountain altitudinal belts in China[J]. Journal of Mountain Science, 2006, 24(2): 144−149 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-2786.2006.02.003
    [78] 张百平, 谭娅, 武红智. 中国山地垂直带信息系统的设计与开发[J]. 地球信息科学, 2005, 7(1): 20−24

    ZHANG B P, TAN Y, WU H Z. Design and development of mountain altitudinal belt information system of China[J]. Geo-Information Science, 2005, 7(1): 20−24
    [79] WOIWOD I P, MAGURRAN A E. Ecological diversity and its measurement[J]. Biometrics, 1990, 46(2): 547
    [80] WHITTAKER R J, WILLIS K J, FIELD R. Scale and species richness: towards a general, hierarchical theory of species diversity[J]. Journal of Biogeography, 2001, 28(4): 453−470 doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2699.2001.00563.x
    [81] BEGON M, HARPER L, TOWNSEND C R. Ecology: Individuals, Populations and Communities[M]. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1987
    [82] 朱珣之, 张金屯. 中国山地植物多样性的垂直变化格局[J]. 西北植物学报, 2005, 25(7): 1480−1486 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4025.2005.07.036

    ZHU X Z, ZHANG J T. Altitudinal patterns of plant diversity of China mountains[J]. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 2005, 25(7): 1480−1486 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4025.2005.07.036
    [83] WHITTAKER R H, NIERING W A. Vegetation of the Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona.Ⅴ. biomass, production, and diversity along the elevation gradient[J]. Ecology, 1975, 56(4): 771−790 doi: 10.2307/1936291
    [84] 叶万辉, 马克平, 马克明, 等. 北京东灵山地区植物群落多样性研究 Ⅸ. 尺度变化对α多样性的影响[J]. 生态学报, 1998, 18(1): 10−14 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.1998.01.002

    YE W H, MA K P, MA K M, et al. Studies on plant community diversity in Donglingshan Mountain, Beijing, China Ⅸ. The influence of scale on α diversity[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 1998, 18(1): 10−14 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0933.1998.01.002
    [85] 马文静, 张庆, 牛建明, 等. 物种多样性和功能群多样性与生态系统生产力的关系−以内蒙古短花针茅草原为例[J]. 植物生态学报, 2013, 37(7): 620−630 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1258.2013.00064

    MA W J, ZHANG Q, NIU J M, et al. Relationship of ecosystem primary productivity to species diversity and functional group diversity: evidence from Stipa breviflora grassland in Nei Mongol[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2013, 37(7): 620−630 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1258.2013.00064
    [86] TILMAN D, FARGIONE J, WOLFF B, et al. Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change[J]. Science, 2001, 292(5515): 281−284 doi: 10.1126/science.1057544
    [87] 白永飞, 张丽霞, 张焱, 等. 内蒙古锡林河流域草原群落植物功能群组成沿水热梯度变化的样带研究[J]. 植物生态学报, 2002, 26(3): 308−316 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.2002.03.009

    BAI Y F, ZHANG L X, ZHANG Y, et al. Changes in plant functional composition along gradients of precipitation and temperature in the Xilin River Basin, Inner Mongolia[J]. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 2002, 26(3): 308−316 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-264X.2002.03.009
    [88] 李晓荣, 高会, 韩立朴, 等. 太行山区植被NPP时空变化特征及其驱动力分析[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2017, 25(4): 498−508

    LI X R, GAO H, HAN L P, et al. Spatio-temporal variations in vegetation NPP and the driving factors in Taihang Mountain Area[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2017, 25(4): 498−508
    [89] 江小雷, 张卫国, 严林, 等. 植物群落物种多样性对生态系统生产力的影响[J]. 草业学报, 2004, 13(6): 8−13 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1004-5759.2004.06.002

    JIANG X L, ZHANG W G, YAN L, et al. Effects of plant species diversity on productivity of ecosystem[J]. Acta Pratacultural Science, 2004, 13(6): 8−13 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1004-5759.2004.06.002
    [90] 王占军, 蒋齐, 潘占兵, 等. 宁夏毛乌素沙地退化草原恢复演替过程中物种多样性与生产力的变化[J]. 草业科学, 2005, 22(4): 5−8 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-0629.2005.04.002

    WANG Z J, JIANG Q, PAN Z B, et al. Changes of productivity and species diversity in resume succession on the degraded steppe of Maowusu sands in Ningxia[J]. Pratacultural Science, 2005, 22(4): 5−8 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-0629.2005.04.002
    [91] 王长庭, 龙瑞军, 王启基, 等. 高寒草甸不同草地群落物种多样性与生产力关系研究[J]. 生态学杂志, 2005, 24(5): 483−487 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4890.2005.05.004

    WANG C T, LONG R J, WANG Q J, et al. Relationship between species diversity and productivity in four types of alpine meadow plant communities[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2005, 24(5): 483−487 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4890.2005.05.004
    [92] 邱波, 杜国祯. 高寒草甸植物群落物种多样性和生产力关系的光竞争研究[J]. 西北植物学报, 2004, 24(9): 1646−1650 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4025.2004.09.015

    QIU B, DU G Z. Light competition can cause a decline in diversity with increased productivity in an alpine meadow[J]. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 2004, 24(9): 1646−1650 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4025.2004.09.015
    [93] 左小安, 赵学勇, 赵哈林, 等. 科尔沁沙质草地群落物种多样性、生产力与土壤特性的关系[J]. 环境科学, 2007, 28(5): 945−951 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0250-3301.2007.05.003

    ZUO X A, ZHAO X Y, ZHAO H L, et al. Changes of species diversity and productivity in relation to soil properties in sandy grassland in Horqin Sand Land[J]. Environmental Science, 2007, 28(5): 945−951 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0250-3301.2007.05.003
    [94] 黄建雄, 郑凤英, 米湘成. 不同尺度上环境因子对常绿阔叶林群落的谱系结构的影响[J]. 植物生态学报, 2010, 34(3): 309−315 doi: 10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2010.03.008

    HUANG J X, ZHENG F Y, MI X C. Influence of environmental factors on phylogenetic structure at multiple spatial scales in an evergreen broad-leaved forest of China[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2010, 34(3): 309−315 doi: 10.3773/j.issn.1005-264x.2010.03.008
    [95] 牛红玉, 王峥峰, 练琚愉, 等. 群落构建研究的新进展: 进化和生态相结合的群落谱系结构研究[J]. 生物多样性, 2011, 19(3): 275−283 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2011.09275

    NIU H Y, WANG Z F, LIAN J Y, et al. New progress in community assembly: community phylogenetic structure combining evolution and ecology[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2011, 19(3): 275−283 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2011.09275
    [96] 刘巍, 曹伟. 长白山植物群落谱系结构及环境因子对其的影响[J]. 干旱区资源与环境, 2013, 27(5): 63−68

    LIU W, CAO W. Phylogenetic structure and influence of environmental factors on phylogenetic structure of plant community in Changbai Mountains[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 2013, 27(5): 63−68
    [97] 丁洪波, 吴兆录, 吕东蓬, 等. 云南东部山区不同类型次生林群落谱系结构特征[J]. 生态学杂志, 2015, 34(10): 2720−2726

    DING H B, WU Z L, LYU D P, et al. Community phylogenetic structural characteristics of various secondary forests in mountainous eastern Yunnan[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2015, 34(10): 2720−2726
    [98] 姜晓燕, 梁林峰, 毕润成, 等. 山西霍山植物群落谱系结构的空间格局[J]. 西北植物学报, 2016, 36(12): 2505−2512

    JIANG X Y, LIANG L F, BI R C, et al. Spatial pattern of phylogenetic structure of plant community in Shanxi Huoshan Mountain[J]. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 2016, 36(12): 2505−2512
    [99] KEMBEL S W, HUBBELL S P. The phylogenetic structure of a neotropical forest tree community[J]. Ecology, 2006, 87(sp7): S86−S99 doi: 10.1890/0012-9658(2006)87[86:TPSOAN]2.0.CO;2
    [100] PAUSAS J G, VERDÚ M. The jungle of methods for evaluating phenotypic and phylogenetic structure of communities[J]. BioScience, 2010, 60(8): 614−625 doi: 10.1525/bio.2010.60.8.7
    [101] CAVENDER-BARES J, KOZAK K H, FINE P V A, et al. The merging of community ecology and phylogenetic biology[J]. Ecology Letters, 2009, 12(7): 693−715 doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01314.x
    [102] HUTCHINSON G E. Homage to Santa Rosalia or why are there so many kinds of animals?[J]. The American Naturalist, 1959, 93(870): 145−159 doi: 10.1086/282070
    [103] PETERSON A T, MARTÍNEZ-CAMPOS C, NAKAZAWA Y, et al. Time-specific ecological niche modeling predicts spatial dynamics of vector insects and human dengue cases[J]. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2005, 99(9): 647−655 doi: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2005.02.004
    [104] PETERSON A T, SOBERÓN J, PEARSON R G, et al. Ecological Niches and Geographic Distribution[M]. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011: https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400840670
    [105] ELITH J, GRAHAM C H, ANDERSON R P, et al. Novel methods improve prediction of species’ distributions from occurrence data[J]. Ecography, 2006, 29(2): 129−151 doi: 10.1111/j.2006.0906-7590.04596.x
    [106] ELITH J, LEATHWICK J R. Species distribution models: ecological explanation and prediction across space and time[J]. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 2009, 40: 677−697 doi: 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.110308.120159
    [107] ELITH J, KEARNEY M, PHILLIPS S. The art of modelling range-shifting species[J]. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 2010, 1(4): 330−342 doi: 10.1111/j.2041-210X.2010.00036.x
    [108] ELITH J, PHILLIPS S J, HASTIE T, et al. A statistical explanation of MaxEnt for ecologists[J]. Diversity and Distributions, 2011, 17(1): 43−57 doi: 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2010.00725.x
    [109] GUISAN A, ZIMMERMANN N E. Predictive habitat distribution models in ecology[J]. Ecological Modelling, 2000, 135(2/3): 147−186
    [110] GUISAN A, THUILLER W. Predicting species distribution: offering more than simple habitat models[J]. Ecology Letters, 2005, 8(9): 993−1009 doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2005.00792.x
    [111] SOBERÓN J, PETERSON A T. Interpretation of models of fundamental ecological niches and species’ distributional areas[J]. Biodiversity Informatics, 2005, 2: 1−10
    [112] ESCOBAR L E, CRAFT M E. Advances and limitations of disease biogeography using ecological niche modeling[J]. Frontiers in Microbiology, 2016, 7: 1174
    [113] ARAÚJO M B, GUISAN A. Five (or so) challenges for species distribution modelling[J]. Journal of Biogeography, 2006, 33(10): 1677−1688 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01584.x
    [114] KELLY A E, GOULDEN M L. Rapid shifts in plant distribution with recent climate change[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2008, 105(33): 11823−11826 doi: 10.1073/pnas.0802891105
    [115] QIAO H J, SOBERÓN J, PETERSON A T. No silver bullets in correlative ecological niche modelling: insights from testing among many potential algorithms for niche estimation[J]. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 2015, 6(10): 1126−1136 doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.12397
    [116] PALOMBO C, MARCHETTI M, TOGNETTI R. Mountain vegetation at risk: current perspectives and research reeds[J]. Plant Biosystems - an International Journal Dealing With All Aspects of Plant Biology, 2014, 148(1): 35−41 doi: 10.1080/11263504.2013.878410
    [117] HE Y L, XIONG Q L, YU L, et al. Impact of climate change on potential distribution patterns of alpine vegetation in the Hengduan Mountains region, China[J]. Mountain Research and Development, 2020, 40(3): R48−R54
    [118] HEDENÅS H, CHRISTENSEN P, SVENSSON J. Changes in vegetation cover and composition in the Swedish Mountain region[J]. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2016, 188(8): 452 doi: 10.1007/s10661-016-5457-2
    [119] 钱大文, 曹广民, 杜岩功, 等. 2000—2015年祁连山南坡生态系统服务价值时空变化[J]. 生态学报, 2020, 40(4): 1392−1404

    QIAN D W, CAO G M, DU Y G, et al. Spatio-temporal dynamics of ecosystem service value in the southern slope of Qilian Mountain from 2000 to 2015[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2020, 40(4): 1392−1404
    [120] CUI F Q, WANG B J, ZHANG Q, et al. Climate change versus land-use change — what affects the ecosystem services more in the forest-steppe ecotone?[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2021, 759: 143525 doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143525
  • 加载中
图(3) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  293
  • HTML全文浏览量:  52
  • PDF下载量:  21
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-12-16
  • 录用日期:  2022-03-10
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-03-28
  • 刊出日期:  2022-07-05

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回