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华北平原农田关键带分类研究

马婉君 闵雷雷 齐永青 刘美英 吴林 沈彦俊

马婉君, 闵雷雷, 齐永青, 刘美英, 吴林, 沈彦俊. 华北平原农田关键带分类研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(5): 769−778 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220042
引用本文: 马婉君, 闵雷雷, 齐永青, 刘美英, 吴林, 沈彦俊. 华北平原农田关键带分类研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(5): 769−778 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220042
MA W J, MIN L L, QI Y Q, LIU M Y, WU L, SHEN Y J. Classification of agricultural critical zones in the North China Plain[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(5): 769−778 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220042
Citation: MA W J, MIN L L, QI Y Q, LIU M Y, WU L, SHEN Y J. Classification of agricultural critical zones in the North China Plain[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(5): 769−778 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220042

华北平原农田关键带分类研究

doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220042
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41930865, 41877169)和中国科学院国际伙伴计划项目(153E13KYSB20170010)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    马婉君, 主要从事生态水文与GIS 应用等方面的研究。E-mail: 401459952@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    闵雷雷, 主要从事关键带水文过程研究, E-mail: llmin@sjziam.ac.cn

    沈彦俊, 主要从事农业水文水资源等方面的研究, E-mail: yjshen@sjziam.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: P3; P90

Classification of agricultural critical zones in the North China Plain

Funds: This study was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (41930865, 41877169) and the International Partners Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (153E13KYSB20170010).
More Information
  • 摘要: 地球关键带是大气圈、水圈、生物圈、岩石圈、土壤圈相互作用并发生物质迁移转化的区域, 也是决定人类社会生存和发展的关键区域。我国学者根据土地利用的差异对地球关键带开展了分类, 其中农田关键带是人类活动影响最为强烈的一类。但已有研究更多考虑的是地表要素, 包含包气带和含水层方面的要素较少, 对关键带地下部分的属性关注不够。华北平原作为我国重要粮食高产区, 地下水超采严重, 农业生产引起的环境污染风险日益引发关注。开展农田关键带分类研究可以为该区域地下水水量/水质演化及保护提供基础科学支撑。本研究综合考虑华北平原的第四纪沉积物特征、浅层地下水埋深、地下水矿化度以及农业土地利用类型等要素, 在遵循综合性原则和主导因素原则的基础上, 制定了华北平原农田关键带三级分类方案。通过使用叠置法对分类要素进行叠加和合并, 提出了华北平原农田关键带的分类方案, 将华北平原分为38个农田关键带类型。本研究对于深入认识农业活动对地下水环境的影响具有重要意义。
  • 图  1  华北平原农田关键带划分指标的空间分布特征

    Figure  1.  Spatial distribution of division indexes of agricultural critical zone in the North China Plain

    图  2  华北平原农田关键带第二级分区空间分布

    Ⅰ-2: middle deep buried fresh water alluvial-proluvial plain; Ⅰ-3: deep buried fresh water alluvial-proluvial plain; Ⅰ-5: middle deep buried brackish water alluvial-proluvial plain; Ⅱ-1: shallow buried freshwater alluvial plain; Ⅱ-2: middle deep buried freshwater alluvial plain; Ⅱ-3: deep buried freshwater alluvial plain; Ⅱ-4: shallow buried brackish water alluvial plain; Ⅱ-5: medium deep buried brackish water alluvial plain; Ⅱ-6: deep buried brackish water alluvial plain; Ⅱ-7: shallow buried salt water alluvial plain; Ⅱ-8: middle deep buried salt water alluvial plain; Ⅲ-4: shallow buried brackish water marine plain; Ⅲ-7: shallow buried salt water marine plain.

    Figure  2.  Spatial distribution of the second level of agricultural critical zone in the North China Plain

    图  3  华北平原农田关键带第三级分区空间分布

    Figure  3.  Spatial distribution of the third level of agricultural critical zone (CZ) in the North China Plain

    Ⅰ-21: alluvial-proluvial middle deep buried in the freshwater grain agricultural CZ; Ⅰ-22: alluvial-proluvial middle deep buried in the freshwater forest and fruit agricultural CZ; Ⅰ-24: alluvial-proluvial middle deep buried freshwater vegetable field agricultural CZ; Ⅰ-31: alluvial-proluvial deep buried freshwater grain agricultural CZ; Ⅰ-32: alluvial-proluvial deep buried freshwater forest and fruit agricultural CZ; Ⅰ-34: alluvial-proluvial deep buried freshwater vegetable field agricultural CZ; Ⅰ-51: alluvial-proluvial middle deep buried brackish water grain agricultural CZ; Ⅰ-54: alluvial-proluvial middle deep buried brackish water vegetable field agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-11: alluvial shallow buried freshwater grain agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-21: alluvial middle deep buried freshwater grain agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-22: alluvial middle deep buried freshwater forest and fruit agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-23: alluvial middle deep buried freshwater cotton agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-24: alluvial middle deep buried freshwater vegetable field agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-31: alluvial deep buried freshwater grain agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-41: alluvial shallow buried brackish water grain agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-42: alluvial shallow buried brackish water forest and fruit agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-44: alluvial shallow buried brackish vegetable field agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-51: alluvial middle deep buried brackish water grain agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-52: alluvial middle deep buried brackish water forest and fruit agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-53: alluvial middle deep buried brackish water cotton agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-54: alluvial middle deep buried brackish water vegetable field agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-61: alluvial deep buried brackish water grain agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-62: alluvial deep buried brackish water forest and fruit agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-63: alluvial deep buried brackish water cotton agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-64: alluvial deep buried brackish water vegetable field agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-71: alluvial shallow buried salt water grain agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-72: alluvial shallow buried salt water forest and fruit agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-73: alluvial shallow buried salt water cotton agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-74: alluvial shallow buried salt water vegetable field agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-81: alluvial middle deep buried salt water grain agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-82: alluvial middle deep buried salt water forest and fruit agricultural CZ; Ⅱ-83: alluvial middle deep buried salt water cotton agricultural CZ; Ⅲ-41: marine shallow buried brackish water grain agricultural CZ; Ⅲ-43: marine shallow buried brackish water cotton agricultural CZ; Ⅲ-70: marine saline alkali wasteland agricultural CZ; Ⅲ-71: marine shallow buried salt water grain agricultural CZ; Ⅲ-73: marine shallow buried salt water cotton agricultural CZ; Ⅳ: non-cultivated land.

    表  1  华北平原农田关键带分类层次及类型

    Table  1.   Classification levels and type characteristics of agricultural critical zones in the North China Plain

    级别
    Level
    第一级
    First level
    第二级
    Second level
    第三级
    Third level
    包含要素
    Contain element
    地质地貌
    Geology and geomorphology
    地下水矿化度、浅层地下水埋深
    Groundwater salinity, shallow groundwater depth
    农作物类型
    Crop type
    类型
    Type
    冲积平原、冲洪积平原、
    海积平原
    Alluvial plain, alluvial-proluvial plain, marine plain
    淡水、微咸水、咸水;
    浅埋、中深埋、深埋
    Freshwater, brackish water, salt water;
    shallow buried, middle deep buried, deep buried
    小麦/玉米、棉花、菜地、
    林果、水稻
    Wheat / corn, cotton, vegetable,
    forest and fruit, rice
    单元种类
    Types of units
    31338
    编码举例
    Coding example

    冲积平原 Alluvial plain
    Ⅱ-3
    深埋淡水冲积平原区
    Alluvial plain with deep buried freshwater
    Ⅱ-31
    冲积型深埋淡水谷物农田关键带
    Alluvial deep buried freshwater grain agricultural critical zone
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  占总面积百分比前10的华北平原农田关键带第三级分区分布

    Table  2.   Distribution of the third level zones with top 10 area proportion of the total arae of agricultural critical zone in the North China Plain

    第三级分区
    Third division
    面积比
    Area proportion (%)
    编码
    Code
    冲积型中深埋微咸水谷物农田关键带
    Alluvial middle deep buried brackish water grain agricultural critical zone
    17.74Ⅱ-51
    冲洪积型深埋淡水谷物农田关键带
    Alluvial-proluvial deep buried freshwater grain agricultural critical zone
    13.02Ⅰ-31
    冲积型中深埋淡水谷物农田关键带
    Alluvial middle deep buried freshwater grain agricultural critical zone
    12.99Ⅱ-21
    冲积型浅埋微咸水谷物农田关键带
    Alluvial shallow brackish water grain agricultural critical zone
    5.84Ⅱ-41
    冲洪积型中深埋淡水林果农田关键带
    Alluvial-proluvial middle deep buried in the freshwater forest and fruit agricultural critical zone
    4.63Ⅰ-22
    冲积型深埋微咸水谷物农田关键带
    Alluvial deep buried brackish water grain agricultural critical zone
    3.97Ⅱ-61
    冲洪积型中深埋淡水谷物农田关键带
    Alluvial-proluvial middle deep buried in the freshwater grain agricultural critical zone
    3.31Ⅰ-21
    冲积型深埋淡水谷物农田关键带
    Alluvial deep buried freshwater grain agricultural critical zone
    3.29Ⅱ-31
    冲积型中深埋微咸水棉花农田关键带
    Alluvial middle deep buried brackish water cotton agricultural critical zone
    2.81Ⅱ-53
    冲积型中深埋咸水谷物农田关键带
    Alluvial middle deep buried salt water grain agricultural critical zone
    2.45Ⅱ-81
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-01-10
  • 录用日期:  2022-03-29
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-06
  • 刊出日期:  2022-05-18

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    返回文章
    返回