刘琼, 文亚洲, 肖海峰. 政府介入能否诱导小农户废弃物规范化治理?−基于要素改造视角的分析[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2024, 32(6): 1−11. DOI: 10.12357/cjea.20230682
引用本文: 刘琼, 文亚洲, 肖海峰. 政府介入能否诱导小农户废弃物规范化治理?−基于要素改造视角的分析[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2024, 32(6): 1−11. DOI: 10.12357/cjea.20230682
LIU Q, WEN Y Z, XIAO H F. Can government intervention induce standardized waste management for small farmers: analysis based on the perspective of element transformation[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2024, 32(6): 1−11. DOI: 10.12357/cjea.20230682
Citation: LIU Q, WEN Y Z, XIAO H F. Can government intervention induce standardized waste management for small farmers: analysis based on the perspective of element transformation[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2024, 32(6): 1−11. DOI: 10.12357/cjea.20230682

政府介入能否诱导小农户废弃物规范化治理?基于要素改造视角的分析

Can government intervention induce standardized waste management for small farmers: analysis based on the perspective of element transformation

  • 摘要: 规范化小农户的绿色生产行为是改造传统农业的应有之义。本文首先构建了政府介入影响小农户废弃物治理行为的理论框架; 其次, 基于微观调研数据, 实证分析了政府介入对小农户废弃物治理的影响及其影响机制。结果表明: 激励型政府介入对小农户废弃物规范化治理没有显著影响; 引导型和约束型政府介入通过“改造”小农户生产要素来影响其废弃物治理行为。其中, 引导型政府介入通过提高小农户生产性固定资产投资和技术应用水平来推动废弃物的规范化治理, 而约束型政府介入则主要通过提高生产性固定资产投资来发挥作用。越是高年龄组小农户, 其生产性固定资产投资对废弃物治理的影响越大, 越是低年龄组小农户, 其技术应用水平的影响越大。未来需重点完善废弃物资源化利用的补贴政策对小农户的扶持作用, 同时要继续强化政府引导型与约束型介入的“造血”功能, 诱导小农户改造传统生产要素, 提升规范化治理水平。

     

    Abstract: Standardizing the green production behavior of small farmers is the due meaning of traditional agriculture. In this study, we first construct a theoretical framework for government interventions in the waste management behavior of small farmers. Second, based on micro research data, an empirical analysis was conducted on the impact of government interventions on the waste management behavior of small farmers and their impact mechanisms. The results show that incentivized government intervention has no significant impact on the standardized waste management behavior of small farmers. Guiding and constraining government interventions influence the waste management behavior of small farmers by “transforming” their production factors. Guiding government intervention promotes standardized waste management by improving small farmers’ productive fixed asset investments and technology application levels, whereas constraining government intervention mainly plays this role by improving the former. The older the small farmers, the greater the impact of their productive fixed asset investment on waste management, and the younger the small farmers, the greater the impact of their technology application level. In the future, it will be necessary to focus on improving subsidy policies for waste resource utilization to support small farmers. Meanwhile, we should continue to strengthen the “hematopoietic” function of guiding and constraining government intervention, induce small farmers to transform traditional production factors, and thereby improve their level of standardized management.

     

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