引用本文:骆世明.中国生态农业制度的构建[J].中国生态农业学报,2018,26(5):759-770
LUO Shiming.Setting up policy system for eco-agriculture in China[J].Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture,2018,26(5):759-770
DOI:10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.180210
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中国生态农业制度的构建
骆世明
华南农业大学 广州 510642
摘要:  中国生态农业的制度构建可以分为指导如何进行生态农业建设的农业绿色行动清单制度和指导如何认定生态农业的生态农业认证制度。生态农业认证制度主要考察农业表现出来的结果是否符合资源匹配、生态友好、环境保护和食品安全等关键判别标准。农业绿色行动清单则是指导开展生态农业建设时,对农业生态系统结构、功能、输入和输出实施有效调控的一系列可选择措施。生态农业制度的构建需要遵循原则清晰、指标简洁、因地制宜、操作容易、激励有效、核查方便的方法。文章论述了生态农业认证制度构建的指标体系、核查方法、信息公开、诚信记录、激励措施、认证程序等,还探讨了农业绿色行动清单制度的分类系统、内容表述、经济支持和运行程序等。
关键词:  生态农业  制度建设  认证制度  绿色行动清单  农业绿色发展
中图分类号:S181
基金项目:
Setting up policy system for eco-agriculture in China
LUO Shiming
South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
Abstract:  The setting up of policy system for eco-agriculture in China can be divided into two tasks with one on how to practice eco-agriculture by a recommended agricultural green action list, and another on how to recognize eco-agriculture with a certification system. Eco-agricultural certification mainly observes the final results of agriculture operation and judges whether they are complied with the principle of balancing with resources, friendly for nature, well protecting environment and producing safety food. On the other hand, the recommended agricultural green action list mainly concerns about a list of actions which can be chosen from, for the regulation and control of agroecosystem structure, function, input and output during the development of eco-agriculture. The setting up of policy system for eco-agriculture should follow the approaches of firm principles, simple indicators, adaptation for local situations, easy for operation, efficient to incentive, and convenient for verification. The detail design of eco-agriculture certification system including indicator system, verification method, information exposing system, credibility record system, incentive measures and certification process, are discussed. For the agriculture green action list, the categorization system, the action description, economic support measures and the operation procedure are introduced. The paper can provide a reference for the development of eco-agriculture in China.
Keyword:  Eco-agriculture  Institution building  Certification policy  Green action list  Green agriculture development
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