引用本文:孙晶晶,赵凯,牛影影.构建粮食主产区耕地保护经济补偿机制的关键问题——基于河南滑县473份农户调研数据[J].中国生态农业学报,2018,26(1):146-155
SUN Jingjing,ZHAO Kai,NIU Yingying.Key issues of economic compensation system for cultivated land protection in main grain-producing areas based on a survey of 473 farmers[J].Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture,2018,26(1):146-155
DOI:10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.170315
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构建粮食主产区耕地保护经济补偿机制的关键问题——基于河南滑县473份农户调研数据
孙晶晶,赵凯,牛影影
作者单位E-mail
孙晶晶 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院 杨凌 712100  
赵凯 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院 杨凌 712100 zhaokai@nwafu.edu.cn 
牛影影 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院 杨凌 712100  
摘要:  建立耕地保护经济补偿机制是当前落实耕地保护政策的重要举措。为了科学合理地构建耕地保护经济补偿制度,论文从农户认知视角出发,结合河南滑县473份的农户调研数据,运用数据统计分析方法,重点围绕实施耕地保护经济补偿必要性、补偿依据、补偿标准、补偿周期、补偿资金发放方式、受偿主体、支付主体、资金管理主体和监督主体等关键问题进行了分析。研究结果表明,农户对耕地保护的认知度较高;在耕地保护经济补偿制度设计中,尽管农户对耕地保护经济补偿制度的认知程度较低,但对实行耕地保护经济补偿的必要性认知度较高。补偿周期应以年为单位。补偿依据应以耕地面积为准;在耕地保护经济补偿标准方面,若考虑耕地质量差异,高、中、低等地补偿标准分别为5 446.43元·hm-2·a-1、4 910.71元·hm-2·a-1、4 481.71元·hm-2·a-1;反之,耕地保护经济补偿标准为5 209.92元·hm-2·a-1。受偿主体为农户,补偿资金应全部发放给农户,支付主体与管理主体均为中央政府。最后,提出应积极建立健全耕地保护经济补偿相关制度和政策,提高实际耕地保护经济补偿标准;应组建实施耕地保护经济补偿的组织机构,加强耕地保护经济补偿资金筹集、使用及管理;加大耕地保护宣传等建议。
关键词:  耕地保护  经济补偿制度  粮食主产区  补偿机制
中图分类号:F224.0
基金项目:国家社会科学基金西部项目(15XJY010)、国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0503703-03)、教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(13YJA630141)和2014年陕西省社会科学基金一般项目(2014P21)资助
Key issues of economic compensation system for cultivated land protection in main grain-producing areas based on a survey of 473 farmers
SUN Jingjing,ZHAO Kai,NIU Yingying
Abstract:  Economic compensation for cultivated land protection is an important measure for the implementation of farmland protection in the new period. In order to scientifically and rationally build economic compensation system for cultivated land protection, this paper analyzed the key issues of constructing cultivated land protection economic compensation system in main grain-producing areas. From farmer-willingness perspective, a questionnaire survey was conducted in Hua County of Henan Province, one of the major grain-producing counties, and the data statistically analyzed. The survey built data on the necessity for construction, compensation basis, compensation period, compensation fund assignment, acceptance and payment subjects, capital management subject, etc. Results suggested that:1) Farmers' cognition of cultivated land protection was high. 2) For constructing economic compensation mechanisms for cultivated land protection, farmers' cognition was low. However, they thought that economic compensation for cultivated land protection was very necessary. 3) In terms of compensation standard, high, medium and low compensation standards were respectively 5 446.43 ¥·hm-2·a-1, 4 910.71 ¥·hm-2·a-1 and 4 481.71 ¥·hm-2·a-1. The average compensation standard was 5 209.92 ¥·hm-2·a-1. 4) Compensation funds collected by central and local governments were completely distributed to farmers annually by using farmers' individual accounts. The main body for the payment and management was the central government. 5) For recommendations, there were needs of the establishment and improvement of active economic compensation system for cultivated land protection. Actual economic compensation standard for cultivated land protection improvement could be conducted by increasing farmers' subsidy for cultivated land protection behavior. It was necessary to set up management organization of economic compensation system of cultivated land protection in order to strengthen raising, using and managing funds for economic compensation of cultivated land protection. Finally, the publicity of cultivated land protection also should be strengthened.
Keyword:  Cultivated land protection  Economic compensation system  Main grain-producing area  Compensation mechanisms
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