引用本文:谢宝华,路峰,韩广轩. 入侵植物互花米草的资源化利用研究进展[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2019, 27(12): 1870-1879
XIE Baohua,LU Feng,HAN Guangxuan. Resource utilization of invasive Spartina alterniflora: A review[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2019, 27(12): 1870-1879
DOI:10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.190339
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器   关闭   
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 241次   下载 288 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
入侵植物互花米草的资源化利用研究进展
谢宝华1, 路峰2, 韩广轩1
1.中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所/中国科学院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室/山东省海岸带环境过程重点实验室 烟台 264003;2.山东省黄河三角洲国家级自然保护区管理局 东营 257500
摘要:  外来入侵种互花米草(Spartina alterniflora)在我国的分布面积约为5.46万hm2,每年地上干物质总量为7.5×105~1.15×106 t,其防治与利用受到越来越多的关注,若能将二者结合起来同时进行,可望收获生态和经济双重收益。我国对互花米草利用的研究主要为对秸秆的直接利用,包括燃料化利用、饲料化利用、原料化利用,这些利用方式一般为低值化利用,另有研究涉及互花米草的药用价值和耐盐基因等高值化利用。在所有利用研究中,秸秆燃料化利用占比最大,为43%,秸秆肥料化利用和耐盐基因等其他利用形式的占比最小,合计约为8%。总体而言,过去对互花米草利用的研究集中于加工利用技术这一环节,缺少对互花米草收集技术和市场化推广的研究,未来应该重视互花米草利用产业链的每一个环节,加强研究机构与企业的合作,实现产学研同步配套发展。
关键词:  入侵植物  互花米草  资源化利用  秸秆资源  药用价值  耐盐基因
中图分类号:S45
基金项目:中国科学院科技服务网络计划项目(KFJ-STS-ZDTP-023,KFJ-EW-STS-127)和国家级自然保护区专项资金项目(Y639071021)资助
Resource utilization of invasive Spartina alterniflora: A review
XIE Baohua1, LU Feng2, HAN Guangxuan1
1.Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences/Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Environmental Processes and Ecological Remediation, Chinese Academy of Sciences/Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Coastal Environmental Processes, Yantai 264003, China;2.Administration Bureau of the Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve, Dongying 257500, China
Abstract:  In China, Spartina alterniflora, an invasive alien plant species, covers an area of approximately 54 600 hectares. The total dry matter of the aboveground part of S. alterniflora is 7.5×105~1.15×106 tons per year. The control and utilization of S. alterniflora have received increasing attention. A combined utilization and control approach could produce simultaneous economic and ecological benefits. Studies of the utilization of S. alterniflora in China tended to focus on the direct utilization of straw, including its use as fuel, feed, and raw material. These methods of utilization were generally low-value. Possible high-value utilization includes the medicinal value of S. alterniflora and its salt-tolerant genes. In all the studies, the largest proportion (43%) of straw was utilized as fuel, whereas the smallest proportion (approximately 8%) was utilized for other purposes, such as fertilizer and for its salt-tolerant genes. Previous studies have focused on utilization technologies, but they have not looked at S. alterniflora collection technology and market promotion. In the future, attention should be paid to every link of the industry chain of S. alterniflora utilization, and cooperation between research institutions and enterprises is essential for the synchronous development of industry, education, and research.
Keyword:  Invasive plant  Spartina alterniflora  Resource utilization  Straw resource  Medicinal value  Salt tolerant gene
您是第 4545410 位访问者  冀ICP备05003362号-2
版权所有 ©《中国生态农业学报(中英文)》编辑部
地址:河北省石家庄市裕华区槐中路286号 050022 电话:0311-85818007 E-mail:editor@sjziam.ac.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司